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# Examples
- [C# - NuGet](#c---nuget)
- [Clojure - Lein Deps](#clojure---lein-deps)
- [D - DUB](#d---dub)
- [POSIX](#posix)
- [Windows](#windows)
- [Deno](#deno)
- [Linux](#linux)
- [macOS](#macos)
- [Windows](#windows-1)
- [Elixir - Mix](#elixir---mix)
- [Erlang - Rebar3](#erlang--rebar3)
- [Go - Modules](#go---modules)
- [Linux](#linux-1)
- [macOS](#macos-1)
- [Windows](#windows-2)
- [Haskell - Cabal](#haskell---cabal)
- [Haskell - Stack](#haskell---stack)
- [Java - Gradle](#java---gradle)
- [Java - Maven](#java---maven)
- [Node - npm](#node---npm)
- [Node - Lerna](#node---lerna)
- [Node - Yarn](#node---yarn)
- [Node - Yarn 2](#node---yarn-2)
- [OCaml/Reason - esy](#ocamlreason---esy)
- [PHP - Composer](#php---composer)
- [Python - pip](#python---pip)
- [Simple example](#simple-example)
- [Multiple OS's in a workflow](#multiple-oss-in-a-workflow)
- [Multiple OS's in a workflow with a matrix](#multiple-oss-in-a-workflow-with-a-matrix)
- [Using pip to get cache location](#using-pip-to-get-cache-location)
- [Python - pipenv](#python---pipenv)
- [R - renv](#r---renv)
- [Ruby - Bundler](#ruby---bundler)
- [Rust - Cargo](#rust---cargo)
- [Scala - SBT](#scala---sbt)
- [Swift, Objective-C - Carthage](#swift-objective-c---carthage)
- [Swift, Objective-C - CocoaPods](#swift-objective-c---cocoapods)
- [Swift - Swift Package Manager](#swift---swift-package-manager)
## C# - NuGet
Using [NuGet lock files](https://docs.microsoft.com/nuget/consume-packages/package-references-in-project-files#locking-dependencies):
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ~/.nuget/packages
key: ${{ runner.os }}-nuget-${{ hashFiles('**/packages.lock.json') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-nuget-
```
Depending on the environment, huge packages might be pre-installed in the global cache folder.
With `actions/cache@v3` you can now exclude unwanted packages with [exclude pattern](https://github.com/actions/toolkit/tree/main/packages/glob#exclude-patterns)
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.nuget/packages
!~/.nuget/packages/unwanted
key: ${{ runner.os }}-nuget-${{ hashFiles('**/packages.lock.json') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-nuget-
```
Or you could move the cache folder like below.
>Note: This workflow does not work for projects that require files to be placed in user profile package folder
```yaml
env:
NUGET_PACKAGES: ${{ github.workspace }}/.nuget/packages
steps:
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ${{ github.workspace }}/.nuget/packages
key: ${{ runner.os }}-nuget-${{ hashFiles('**/packages.lock.json') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-nuget-
```
## Clojure - Lein Deps
```yaml
- name: Cache lein project dependencies
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ~/.m2/repository
key: ${{ runner.os }}-clojure-${{ hashFiles('**/project.clj') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-clojure
```
## D - DUB
### POSIX
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ~/.dub
key: ${{ runner.os }}-dub-${{ hashFiles('**/dub.selections.json') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-dub-
```
### Windows
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ~\AppData\Local\dub
key: ${{ runner.os }}-dub-${{ hashFiles('**/dub.selections.json') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-dub-
```
## Deno
### Linux
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.deno
~/.cache/deno
key: ${{ runner.os }}-deno-${{ hashFiles('**/deps.ts') }}
```
### macOS
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.deno
~/Library/Caches/deno
key: ${{ runner.os }}-deno-${{ hashFiles('**/deps.ts') }}
```
### Windows
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~\.deno
~\AppData\Local\deno
key: ${{ runner.os }}-deno-${{ hashFiles('**/deps.ts') }}
```
## Elixir - Mix
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
deps
_build
key: ${{ runner.os }}-mix-${{ hashFiles('**/mix.lock') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-mix-
```
## Erlang - Rebar3
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v2
with:
path: |
~/.cache/rebar3
_build
key: ${{ runner.os }}-erlang-${{ env.OTP_VERSION }}-${{ hashFiles('**/*rebar.lock') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-erlang-${{ env.OTP_VERSION }}-
```
## Go - Modules
### Linux
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.cache/go-build
~/go/pkg/mod
key: ${{ runner.os }}-go-${{ hashFiles('**/go.sum') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-go-
```
### macOS
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/Library/Caches/go-build
~/go/pkg/mod
key: ${{ runner.os }}-go-${{ hashFiles('**/go.sum') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-go-
```
### Windows
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~\AppData\Local\go-build
~\go\pkg\mod
key: ${{ runner.os }}-go-${{ hashFiles('**/go.sum') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-go-
```
## Haskell - Cabal
We cache the elements of the Cabal store separately, as the entirety of `~/.cabal` can grow very large for projects with many dependencies.
```yaml
- name: Cache ~/.cabal/packages, ~/.cabal/store and dist-newstyle
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.cabal/packages
~/.cabal/store
dist-newstyle
key: ${{ runner.os }}-${{ matrix.ghc }}-${{ hashFiles('**/*.cabal', '**/cabal.project', '**/cabal.project.freeze') }}
restore-keys: ${{ runner.os }}-${{ matrix.ghc }}-
```
## Haskell - Stack
### Linux or macOS
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
name: Cache ~/.stack
with:
path: ~/.stack
key: ${{ runner.os }}-stack-global-${{ hashFiles('stack.yaml') }}-${{ hashFiles('package.yaml') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-stack-global-
- uses: actions/cache@v3
name: Cache .stack-work
with:
path: .stack-work
key: ${{ runner.os }}-stack-work-${{ hashFiles('stack.yaml') }}-${{ hashFiles('package.yaml') }}-${{ hashFiles('**/*.hs') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-stack-work-
```
### Windows
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
name: Cache %APPDATA%\stack %LOCALAPPDATA%\Programs\stack
with:
path: |
~\AppData\Roaming\stack
~\AppData\Local\Programs\stack
key: ${{ runner.os }}-stack-global-${{ hashFiles('stack.yaml') }}-${{ hashFiles('package.yaml') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-stack-global-
- uses: actions/cache@v3
name: Cache .stack-work
with:
path: .stack-work
key: ${{ runner.os }}-stack-work-${{ hashFiles('stack.yaml') }}-${{ hashFiles('package.yaml') }}-${{ hashFiles('**/*.hs') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-stack-work-
```
## Java - Gradle
>Note: Ensure no Gradle daemons are running anymore when your workflow completes. Creating the cache package might fail due to locks being held by Gradle. Refer to the [Gradle Daemon documentation](https://docs.gradle.org/current/userguide/gradle_daemon.html) on how to disable or stop the Gradle Daemons.
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.gradle/caches
~/.gradle/wrapper
key: ${{ runner.os }}-gradle-${{ hashFiles('**/*.gradle*', '**/gradle-wrapper.properties') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-gradle-
```
## Java - Maven
```yaml
- name: Cache local Maven repository
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ~/.m2/repository
key: ${{ runner.os }}-maven-${{ hashFiles('**/pom.xml') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-maven-
```
## Node - npm
For npm, cache files are stored in `~/.npm` on Posix, or `~\AppData\npm-cache` on Windows, but it's possible to use `npm config get cache` to find the path on any platform. See [the npm docs](https://docs.npmjs.com/cli/cache#cache) for more details.
If using `npm config` to retrieve the cache directory, ensure you run [actions/setup-node](https://github.com/actions/setup-node) first to ensure your `npm` version is correct.
>Note: It is not recommended to cache `node_modules`, as it can break across Node versions and won't work with `npm ci`
```yaml
- name: Get npm cache directory
id: npm-cache-dir
run: |
echo "::set-output name=dir::$(npm config get cache)"
- uses: actions/cache@v3
id: npm-cache # use this to check for `cache-hit` ==> if: steps.npm-cache.outputs.cache-hit != 'true'
with:
path: ${{ steps.npm-cache-dir.outputs.dir }}
key: ${{ runner.os }}-node-${{ hashFiles('**/package-lock.json') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-node-
```
## Node - Lerna
```yaml
- name: restore lerna
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: **/node_modules
key: ${{ runner.os }}-${{ hashFiles('**/yarn.lock') }}
```
## Node - Yarn
The yarn cache directory will depend on your operating system and version of `yarn`. See https://yarnpkg.com/lang/en/docs/cli/cache/ for more info.
```yaml
- name: Get yarn cache directory path
id: yarn-cache-dir-path
run: echo "::set-output name=dir::$(yarn cache dir)"
- uses: actions/cache@v3
id: yarn-cache # use this to check for `cache-hit` (`steps.yarn-cache.outputs.cache-hit != 'true'`)
with:
path: ${{ steps.yarn-cache-dir-path.outputs.dir }}
key: ${{ runner.os }}-yarn-${{ hashFiles('**/yarn.lock') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-yarn-
```
## Node - Yarn 2
The yarn 2 cache directory will depend on your config. See https://yarnpkg.com/configuration/yarnrc#cacheFolder for more info.
```yaml
- name: Get yarn cache directory path
id: yarn-cache-dir-path
run: echo "::set-output name=dir::$(yarn config get cacheFolder)"
- uses: actions/cache@v3
id: yarn-cache # use this to check for `cache-hit` (`steps.yarn-cache.outputs.cache-hit != 'true'`)
with:
path: ${{ steps.yarn-cache-dir-path.outputs.dir }}
key: ${{ runner.os }}-yarn-${{ hashFiles('**/yarn.lock') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-yarn-
```
## OCaml/Reason - esy
Esy allows you to export built dependencies and import pre-built dependencies.
```yaml
- name: Restore Cache
id: restore-cache
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: _export
key: ${{ runner.os }}-esy-${{ hashFiles('esy.lock/index.json') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-esy-
- name: Esy install
run: 'esy install'
- name: Import Cache
run: |
esy import-dependencies _export
rm -rf _export
...(Build job)...
# Re-export dependencies if anything has changed or if it is the first time
- name: Setting dependency cache
run: |
esy export-dependencies
if: steps.restore-cache.outputs.cache-hit != 'true'
```
## PHP - Composer
```yaml
- name: Get Composer Cache Directory
id: composer-cache
run: |
echo "::set-output name=dir::$(composer config cache-files-dir)"
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ${{ steps.composer-cache.outputs.dir }}
key: ${{ runner.os }}-composer-${{ hashFiles('**/composer.lock') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-composer-
```
## Python - pip
For pip, the cache directory will vary by OS. See https://pip.pypa.io/en/stable/reference/pip_install/#caching
Locations:
- Ubuntu: `~/.cache/pip`
- Windows: `~\AppData\Local\pip\Cache`
- macOS: `~/Library/Caches/pip`
### Simple example
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ~/.cache/pip
key: ${{ runner.os }}-pip-${{ hashFiles('**/requirements.txt') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-pip-
```
Replace `~/.cache/pip` with the correct `path` if not using Ubuntu.
### Multiple OS's in a workflow
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
if: startsWith(runner.os, 'Linux')
with:
path: ~/.cache/pip
key: ${{ runner.os }}-pip-${{ hashFiles('**/requirements.txt') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-pip-
- uses: actions/cache@v3
if: startsWith(runner.os, 'macOS')
with:
path: ~/Library/Caches/pip
key: ${{ runner.os }}-pip-${{ hashFiles('**/requirements.txt') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-pip-
- uses: actions/cache@v3
if: startsWith(runner.os, 'Windows')
with:
path: ~\AppData\Local\pip\Cache
key: ${{ runner.os }}-pip-${{ hashFiles('**/requirements.txt') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-pip-
```
### Multiple OS's in a workflow with a matrix
``` yaml
jobs:
build:
runs-on: ${{ matrix.os }}
strategy:
matrix:
os: [ubuntu-latest, macos-latest, windows-latest]
include:
- os: ubuntu-latest
path: ~/.cache/pip
- os: macos-latest
path: ~/Library/Caches/pip
- os: windows-latest
path: ~\AppData\Local\pip\Cache
steps:
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ${{ matrix.path }}
key: ${{ runner.os }}-pip-${{ hashFiles('**/requirements.txt') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-pip-
```
### Using pip to get cache location
> Note: This requires pip 20.1+
```yaml
- name: Get pip cache dir
id: pip-cache
run: |
echo "::set-output name=dir::$(pip cache dir)"
- name: pip cache
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ${{ steps.pip-cache.outputs.dir }}
key: ${{ runner.os }}-pip-${{ hashFiles('**/requirements.txt') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-pip-
```
## Python - pipenv
```yaml
- name: Set up Python
# The actions/cache step below uses this id to get the exact python version
id: setup-python
uses: actions/setup-python@v2
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ~/.local/share/virtualenvs
key: ${{ runner.os }}-python-${{ steps.setup-python.outputs.python-version }}-pipenv-${{ hashFiles('Pipfile.lock') }}
```
## R - renv
For renv, the cache directory will vary by OS. The `RENV_PATHS_ROOT` environment variable is used to set the cache location. Have a look at https://rstudio.github.io/renv/reference/paths.html#details for more details.
```yaml
- name: Set RENV_PATHS_ROOT
shell: bash
run: |
echo "RENV_PATHS_ROOT=${{ runner.temp }}/renv" >> $GITHUB_ENV
- name: Install and activate renv
run: |
install.packages("renv")
renv::activate()
shell: Rscript {0}
- name: Get R and OS version
id: get-version
run: |
cat("##[set-output name=os-version;]", sessionInfo()$running, "\n", sep = "")
cat("##[set-output name=r-version;]", R.Version()$version.string, sep = "")
shell: Rscript {0}
- name: Restore Renv package cache
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: ${{ env.RENV_PATHS_ROOT }}
key: ${{ steps.get-version.outputs.os-version }}-${{ steps.get-version.outputs.r-version }}-${{ inputs.cache-version }}-${{ hashFiles('renv.lock') }}
restore-keys: ${{ steps.get-version.outputs.os-version }}-${{ steps.get-version.outputs.r-version }}-${{inputs.cache-version }}-
```
## Ruby - Bundler
Caching gems with Bundler correctly is not trivial and just using `actions/cache`
is [not enough](https://github.com/ruby/setup-ruby#caching-bundle-install-manually).
Instead, it is recommended to use `ruby/setup-ruby`'s
[`bundler-cache: true` option](https://github.com/ruby/setup-ruby#caching-bundle-install-automatically)
whenever possible:
```yaml
- uses: ruby/setup-ruby@v1
with:
ruby-version: ...
bundler-cache: true
```
## Rust - Cargo
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.cargo/bin/
~/.cargo/registry/index/
~/.cargo/registry/cache/
~/.cargo/git/db/
target/
key: ${{ runner.os }}-cargo-${{ hashFiles('**/Cargo.lock') }}
```
## Scala - SBT
```yaml
- name: Cache SBT
uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: |
~/.ivy2/cache
~/.sbt
key: ${{ runner.os }}-sbt-${{ hashFiles('**/build.sbt') }}
```
## Swift, Objective-C - Carthage
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: Carthage
key: ${{ runner.os }}-carthage-${{ hashFiles('**/Cartfile.resolved') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-carthage-
```
## Swift, Objective-C - CocoaPods
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: Pods
key: ${{ runner.os }}-pods-${{ hashFiles('**/Podfile.lock') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-pods-
```
## Swift - Swift Package Manager
```yaml
- uses: actions/cache@v3
with:
path: .build
key: ${{ runner.os }}-spm-${{ hashFiles('**/Package.resolved') }}
restore-keys: |
${{ runner.os }}-spm-
```